Tuesday, September 29, 2020

Don’t Let Your Face Mask Keep You From Breathing Full, Deep Breaths

In this time of COVID 19 and face mask use many people complain that wearing a mask makes it hard to breathe. It does. By creating a seal around your face the mask creates a small vacuum that opposes your inhalations. The effect is small but can be apparent. Once many people notice this they become uncomfortable and do what most people do during discomfort. They start to breathe more shallowly, and on shorter intervals. In other words, the mask triggers anxious breathing. This is bad, and this post will help you make sure that is not your outcome.

The fact that the face mask restricts your breath a small amount is not inherently bad. In fact, it is good if used properly. Many athletes use breath restricting training masks to strengthen their respiratory system. Your face mask is doing the same thing. You should think of the phenomenon as strength building for your respiratory diaphragm. Having increased resistance against your inhalations requires your thoracic and diaphragmatic muscles to work harder, and this will make them stronger. 

Wearing a face mask is similar to nasal breathing. Breathing through the nose is harder, and requires more effort, than breathing through the mouth because the nasal pathway is more narrow. However, studies show that nasal breathing is more healthy than mouth breathing partly because it keeps the breathing muscles strong and it is conducive to slow, deep breaths. Sadly though, when a mouth breather tries to switch to nasal breathing it can be difficult for them and is often uncomfortable. This is similar to the situation we find ourselves in being forced to wear face masks.

The difference between a good experience that helps you better condition your respiratory system, and a negative experience that builds trauma is all in the way that you appraise the situation. When you notice your facemask making it slightly harder to breathe embrace it as a positive thing: think about how your lungs are getting a workout, breathe a little harder, use a little more determination, and try to relax while doing it. Definitely don’t fight against it, let it make you resort to mouth breathing, or let it make you feel like you are suffocating.

Part of responding positively to wearing a mask involves ensuring that you are breathing deep breaths that last for three to seven seconds. If instead you are breathing shallow breaths that last one second or less your body will go into fight or flight, and you will appraise the experience as traumatic. During these trying times, the last thing we need is a mandatory apparatus causing us to hyperventilate, or strain or brace our muscles of respiration. So don’t let your mask contribute to your stress.

For more information, and a helpful video, on proper breathing check out the Program Peace website at: 


More information about nasal breathing can be found here:


It is also worth mentioning that having something touching your nose and the area around it can increase the sneering response. The sneer is a raising of the top lip and a display of the canines used in mammals that are threatened or aggressive. The top of your face mask applies pressure to and rubs against the skin and muscles involved in the sneer. This can cause you to unconsciously sneer more than you usually do. Because sneering is a subordination display in humans and monkeys and is also associated with the stress response, sneering more is something that you don’t want to do. If you allow the face mask to cause you to brace your sneer it will become further entrenched and the muscles will become stiff, painful, and leave you looking threatened. Avoid this. While you wear your mask ensure that your face is relaxed, your top lip is relaxed, and you have a “straight upper lip.” More information can be found about the sneer at https://programpeace.com/facial-massage/

Thursday, September 3, 2020

How to Create Your Own Retro Arcade Collection

Did you know that you can burn 15,000 games onto a microSD card in under 2 hours? What does that mean? Let’s do some math. If the average videogame in the 1900s took a team of 10 individuals 6 months of work then that equates to around 10,000 person hours. When you multiply that by 15,000 games you get around 150 million person hours of work. That is a lot of time, passion, and creativity to fit on a memory device that is smaller than a fingernail. Then the fact that you can cycle through these alphabetically, and watch nostalgic video clips of each one until you find a title you want to play is pretty fantastic. The modern world of electronics and computer science is pretty impressive.

 There are many ways to play, and amass a collection of, retro videogames on your computer. Setting up and curating your own custom “build” is fun, and can be a great introduction to certain aspects of computer science. This blog post will cover a variety of ways to do this, but will primarily focus on how to create backups for your videogame library and play them on a tiny computer called a Raspberry Pi. First though, let’s discuss how it can be done on a Windows PC.

Creating an Arcade on Your Windows PC

 As arcade cabinets from the 1900s age their circuit boards decompose. The solder loosens and capacitors leak which damages the connections. Many arcade machines from this era are already unplayable and many of the games are considered obscure today and are no longer manufactured. Emulation ensures that these titles can still be played.


The simplest way to play emulated games on your PC is to through MAME, the multiple arcade machine emulator. You can download MAME here: https://www.mamedev.org/ There are hundreds of free, public domain games that you can find through browsing community servers. The software is easy to use and you can expand your collection by downloading other games from various websites. Websites like emuparadise.com offer a large selection of games (scan everything you download for viruses). But MAME is mostly compatible with arcade games, not console games.


To run console games, you may also opt for other easy-to-use, free-to-download software. I recommend Retroarch and Hyperspin. They will help you keep track of your games and the emulating software that plays them. They also run MAME. Retroarch can be used with PC, Linux, Apple OS, and Android. You can download these from their respective websites to your computer and use them to catalog your game files. The game files are typically called ROMS when they come from chips and cartridges and ISOs when they originally come from discs.




It is important to mention that you should own a physical copy of any game you plan to emulate. If you don’t then downloading and playing them does constitute piracy. So think of your digital collection as a backup of your actual collection. I used to collect retro videogames from various consoles but found that having copies of them all on one device was very convenient.


Creating an Arcade on a Raspberry Pi

The hardware that you use to emulate older hardware must be significantly more powerful. That is the nature of emulation. It is easy to run many emulated videogame consoles on a modern desktop or laptop. Even the PS3 and Xbox 360 can be emulated on a good computer with a graphics card. But today it is also easy to run games from the 70s, 80s, and 90s on a cheap, portable microcomputer. This includes all of the best consoles from the first generation (i.e. Odyssey and Atari) to the fifth (i.e. Nintendo 64 and Playstation). There are a few microcomputers that you could use, including the Odroid, but most people prefer to use a small single-board computer from the U.K. called the Raspberry Pi. Check out the table below for a comparison between hardware specifications for the major consoles from the 1900s, and the Raspberry Pi.












Hard Drive







Magnavox Odyssey






Atari 2600




160 x 192


Magnavox Odyssey 2




160 x 200






159 x 96


Atari 5200




320 x 200






256 x 192


Nintendo Ent. Sys.




256 x 240


Sega Master Sys.




256 x 192


Atari 7800




320 x 240






160 x 144


Turbo Grafx 16




256 x 239


Sega Genesis




320 x 224


Super Nintendo




160 x 144


Neo Geo




320 x 224


Game Gear




160 x 144


Sega CD




320 x 224


Atari Jaguar




320 x 224


Sega Saturn




704 x 224






640 x 480


Nintendo 64




720 x 576


Gameboy Color




160 x 144


Sega Dreamcast




640 x 480


Rapsberry Pi 3




1920 x 1080


Raspberry Pi 4




3840 x 2160

The newest version of the Raspberry Pi costs around $60, but once you buy all of the necessary components, it will cost closer to $120 in total. All the software you need for it is available for free online. It is highly reliable, and highly portable with a height and width of credit card, and most of the features of a high-end computer. To play games you will need to download software called Retropie from retropie.org.uk. It is free and it is a simple process. Just follow the simple instructions on the site.




Current models of the Raspberry Pi (3 and 4) have decent 64-bit, multicore, ARM CPUs that run at billions of cycles per second (more than 1.0 Ghz). They also have one to eight gigabytes of RAM and can accommodate microSD card hard drives up to 500 gigabytes. They have wifi, Bluetooth, gigabit Ethernet, USB 3 ports, HDMI, and run on 5V/2.5A DC power. Below is a picture of the Raspberry Pi 3.

Somehow anti-piracy law has not kept Amazon and Ebay from selling Raspberry Pi/ Retropie systems. You can find premade systems there for around $200 with over 15,000 games. You can also opt to just buy the microSD card hard drive with the data (for around $80), but buy the Raspberry Pi separately to save money. 

If you are really just in a hurry to play games you could even decide to just buy a Pandora’s Box with a few thousand games (also on Amazon and Ebay). The Pandora’s Box is a microcomputer set in an arcade joystick that can connect directly to your TV. But no matter what you choose to do keep in mind that, even though cases of people being prosecuted are extremely rare, it is technically illegal to own and play games that you did not pay for. Unless of course you own a physical copy of the disk or cartridge, you own the original arcade PCB or memory chip, or the game is in the public domain or has been abandoned (abandonware).




When you run Retropie you are able to select from a list of emulators that you have installed. Once you choose the emulator, you select from your list of games. The following is a list of fun emulators that are easy to find.


  Amstrad CPC 
  Atari 2600 
  Atari 7800 
  Atari Lynx 
  Capcom Playsystem 1, 2, 3 
  Commodore 64 
  Final Burn Alpha 
  Magnavox Odyssey² / Videopac 
  Mini S
  Neo-Geo Pocket 
  Neo-Geo Pocket Color 
  Nintendo Entertainment System 
  Super Nintendo 
  Nintendo Game Boy 
  Nintendo Game Boy Color 
  Nintendo Game Boy Advance 
  Nintendo DS 
  Nintendo 64 
  Nintendo Virtual Boy 
  Famicom Disk System 
  Satellaview/Nintendo BS-X 
  NES Classic Edition
  PC Engine 
  Phillips Video Pac
  Scumm VM
  SNES Classic Edition 
  Sega MasterSystem 
  Sega Genesis 
  Sega CD 
  Sega 32X 
  Sega Game Gear 
  Sharp X68000 
  Sinclair ZX Spectrum 
  Sony PlayStation 
  Sony PSP 
  Sony PSP Minis 
  Texas Instruments T-99
  TurboGrafx 16 
  TurboGrafx 16 CD 
  WonderSwan Color 
Z Machine

If you would like to see a list of my favorite videogames just skip to the bottom of this post.

 It is worth mentioning that the Raspberry Pi also acts as a normal Linux-based operating system. It runs Linux in desktop form out-of-the-box and you can connect a mouse and keyboard and use it as a normal personal computer.To get to it select the console for “Pixel OS.” From here you can browse the web, check email, use Google Docs, save files, and much more. 

Assembling the Rapsberry Pi

When your pi comes in the mail it will come in a few different pieces. You can order the pieces separately, or buy them together as a kit from an online retailer like Amazon. Canakit is a great kit although I found their fans for the Pi 4 are rather loud. You can also buy it in the form of an electronics hobby kit that offers the components to do educational electronics projects. If you don’t buy a kit you will have to source your components individually. You will need the Raspberry Pi board (computer), heat sinks, case, fan, HDMI cord, power supply and hard drive. Luckily the mainboard (pictured above) has the CPU, RAM and other major electronic components already soldered in. You will need to install the heatsinks yourself. Peel off the backings of the stickers and place these finned aluminum tabs on the 3 or 4 microprocessors. Next you need to install the fan within the case. Then install the Pi within the case. Keep in mind that you can choose from a large selection of cases some of which resemble retro consoles. Finally you insert the microSD card into its slot and connect the power supply. It is a fun process and will make you feel like you built your own computer. 


You will also need to buy the controllers. There are hundreds of USB controllers that you can find online (Amazon, Ebay, etc.) that will be compatible with your computer. You can also connect Xbox One, 360, PS3 and PS4 controllers by Bluetooth to your Rapsberry Pi (or to your Windows PC for that matter). You can find controllers in the style of the original NES, the Sega Genesis, the Nintendo 64 and much more. If you plan on navigating the 3D worlds found in Playstation and N64 games you will want a controller with thumbsticks. You can also purchase USB compatible light guns (for shooting games), steering wheels (for driving games), and aircraft control sticks (for flying games). There are over 100 MAME games that accommodate four players at a time. It can be really fun to game with three other friends on the same screen so consider buying four controllers. They are as cheap as $10 a piece. You can google “list of 4 player arcade games” to see which ones are will work. I would list them here, but the list is just too long.

If you really want to put together a full package you can throw some software on the Linux/Pixel OS. You might put Google docs, Netflix, a free version of Minecraft, Kodi, and possibly a PDF of this post so users can reference the Retro Pi menu controls found below. You can also throw on Mugen and Open Bor as discussed in the next section.

Running Mugen and Open Bor

Mugen is a create-your-own fighting game software. It allows you to take character sprites and backgrounds from other two dimensional fighting games and mix and match them into your own “build.” It is common to have a character select screen with hundreds of characters. The level of customization is amazing you can even add your own music, sound effects, and drawings. There are hundreds of options to tweak by going into the easy-to-read and heavily commented programming code in the text file documents. You can even download a program called Fighter Factory if you need more options for customization.


I spent a few hours with it, had a lot of fun, and got a decent introduction to programming. The original software can be downloaded for free from elecbyte.com. To add characters and backgrounds you have to find Mugen hosting sites with the assets you want, and then download them.



It is also possible to download a finished build from someone else. You can type “mugen” into youtube to see thousands of different high-level builds. Usually there is a free download link in the description of the youtube video. Many of these downloads have viruses so you must run everything you download through a virus checker (perhaps after first downloading it from a second-hand computer that you don’t care about). It can be really fun to customize your own Mugen build, even if you are just building on top of someone else’s. Mugen is compatible with Windows, Mac, and Linux, so if you want it on your Raspberry Pi you must install the Linux version on the Pixel OS.

 Open BOR, also known as Open Beats of Rage is a set of 2D sidescrolling beat-em-up games. Like Mugen, they are free, public domain, homebrew (made by individuals not companies) and recycle elements from other games. There are many of them to choose from and they can be played on Windows, Linux or inside of Retro Pi.


RetroPie in a Standing Arcade Cabinet

If you really want that arcade feel you can place your Retropie system into a standing arcade cabinet. There are many youtube videos that walk you through exactly how to do this. You can build your own cab out of wood, or buy a used one online. You can also use the new Arcade 1up cabinets that are sold at Target and Walmart to do this because they are small, light, nice-looking, and inexpensive. It takes about an hour to put one together and they generally only play 1 to 3 games. These cabinets are not compatible with a Raspberry Pi right off the bat. You will have to buy and insert different buttons (along with the button encoders) and a joystick, buy an audio amplifier, and an auxiliary cord, as well as replace the video adapter to allow compatibility. You can source the parts easily from Amazon and choose the buttons that match your build’s colors and general aesthetic. You can even get ones that glow. This is fun, costs around $100, and will take you an hour or two to assemble. Here are some pictures of the ones I assembled and customized:



You will definitely need to spend a few minutes mapping the controls for the buttons to get them how you like them. You can use the instructions below to do that. You will also want to go into Retroarch from the Retro Pi options menu to change the aspect ratio. For a widescreen HDTV you want to use an aspect ratio of 16:9 or 16:10 because it is not as stretched. But an arcade cabinet doesn’t have that modern rectangular screen, it uses a screen that is much closer to a square used on the CRT (cathode ray tube) televisions of the 1900s. Thus if you are using one of those you want to change your aspect ratio to 4:3 for the proper look. From this menu you can also play with the sharpness, brightness and gamma to get the best look for your screen.

From here there are many ways to customize your arcade cabinet. You can put them on risers to make them taller. You can wrap them in printed laminate with graphics of your choosing. You can also install a steering wheel and pedals, a light gun, and different forms of controllers. Most of the Arcade 1up back plates are made of wood, but you can spray paint it any color you like. Here is the art that I put together for the front panel in the picture above. Feel free to use it in the same way I did.

I ran ½ inch gaffer’s stage tape along the edges of mine to match the color and make the edges pop. You can also achieve a similar effect by placing LEDs or black lights around the cabinet. You can use a microcomputer like an Arduino to build a proximity sensor so that the screen comes on when you approach it. You can build a coin insertion unit into your cabinet and create an insert coin sensor so that you add credits to the game when you place a coin in the slot. There are many things you can do. Look on youtube, there are many ways to customize your build. Next though, let’s talk about how to use the pi.

Starting up Your Raspberry Pi

I have found that it helps to plug the HDMI cable from the Raspberry Pi into the television before you plug the power cable in. Next you plug the power supply cable into your wall outlet, and then the other side into the power port (micro USB or USB C) on the retro pie. Click the power button on the power supply and you should see the small red and green LEDs on the Pi light up. It will boot Retropie.



How to Shut the System Down


Do not unplug or switch off your Retro Pi while it is running. Abruptly cutting off the power while the system is on can cause your hard drive to become corrupted. Always shut the pie down from the Emulation Station user interface by pressing “start,” and then selecting “quit,” and then “shut down system.” If you would rather restart, just select “restart.” Wait for about ten seconds for it to run through the shutdown process. When the TV loses signal from the Pi and the small, green LED inside the case is no longer lit or blinking this usually means that it has safely and completely shut down. Next turn off the power to the microcomputer by pressing the power button on your power supply on/off switch, or by unplugging it from the wall. Completely powering down will reduce the wear and tear on the electronics and ensure your Retro Pi a long life. You know that it is completely powered down when the red light goes off. 

  press START on your controller
  select QUIT

  select the BLUE ORB button in the top left corner
  select SHUTDOWN
  select SHUTDOWN


How to Navigate the Retro Pie Interface


Pressing “select” will take you to the options. Pressing “start” will take you to the main menu. Press “A” to select a console or game. “X” will select a console or game for you at random, and “Y” will add a game to your favorites folder.

After you have used “right” and “left” to select a console you can choose from a list of games. You can scroll through the list by pressing “up” and “down.” Holding “up” or “down” for a few seconds will speed up the scrolling function. You can also skip several games at a time by pressing the right and left triggers. If you want to skip from one letter to another, instead of waiting to scroll, simply press “select” and then choose a letter to “jump to.”



To exit a game that you are playing press “select” and “start” together at the same time. In many of the arcade games you must press “select” to enter coins, and then “start” to start your game.



The default button layout is pretty straight forward.














Save to Favorites

Right and Left Shoulder



Hotkeys enable you to press a combination of buttons to access functions such as saving, loading, and exiting emulators.. By default, the hotkey is select.





Select+Right Shoulder


Select+Left Shoulder



Input State Slot Increase


Input State Slot Decrease






Add Games to your Favorites Folder


If you would like to save a game to your favorites folder simply press “Y” while the game is selected in the games list. If you want to remove a game from your favorites folder press “Y” again.

Create a Collections Folder of Games


You can also create folders to hold titles in different categories such as “classics,” “retro,” “fighting,” “sports,” and “action/adventure.” To create a new folder or collection of games press “start,” then “game selection settings,” then “create new custom collection.” After you do this a text box will open. To enter your cursor into the box press “A” on the gamepad, and then use your connected USB keyboard to enter the name of the collection folder. Press “A” again and then go and select the games you want to add using the “Y” button. Once you are done, remember to go back to that menu and select “finalize collection” to save it.

Change the Theme of the User Interface


If you want to change the theme, press start from the Retro Pi menu and then select “UI settings.” Then select “theme set,” and choose the theme that you want to try out. After you find a theme that you like you might want to restart the Retro Pi so that the system’s resources are reoptimized at this new setting. If you would like to download more themes you can do so from the Retro Pi menu discussed below. There are dozens of themes, some of them are really cool looking. My favorites, in order, are: slick_bluey, carbon, magazine madness 2, cardcrazy, cygnus, hurstybluetake2, license2game, retrowave, stirling, retrosynth, and tronkyfran.


Retro Pi Menu

From the console select screen you can navigate to the Retro Pi menu in order to customize your machine. Use a simple Google search to find out how to use the Retro Pie menu to perform the following helpful functions. You can connect a Bluetooth device such as a wireless remote, or a PS3 controller. You can update your system to the newest software version. You can also overclock your Retro Pi so that it runs faster, and has fewer frame rate dips when playing Dreamcast, Playstation, and Nintendo 64 games. You can alter your game selection screen so that it displays a video clip of each game. To do this you will have to “scrape” the videos from the Retro Pie server. You can also change your splash screen, connect to wifi, and alter several other settings.


It can be fun to make a personalized splash screen. I found some pictures that I liked online and put them into a collage using Powerpoint and Photoshop. Then I downloaded the Nintendo font from a free font website and typed my name out in it to create what you see below. For your custom splash screen to display at startup you will need to insert the file for it in a specific folder that you can navigate to from the Pixel OS (Linux desktop). Find it at: root/pi/retropi/splashscreens. You can actually insert several of these and then choose to randomize them from the Retro Pi setup.


Connect to the Internet

Open the main RetroPie menu and select WiFi. This will open the WiFi menu. Use the arrow keys on your keyboard to select “connect to Wifi network” which will open a list of all the availalbe WiFi networks. Select your network from the list and you'll be prompted to enter your key/password. Please note that while you're entering your password it will not show up on-screen. This is normal and doesn't mean your keyboard is broken. Just enter your password correctly and once you hit enter your Pi will communicate and negotiate with your router to obtain an IP address. Assuming you entered the correct key/password it should complete in just a few seconds and you'll now see your Pi's IP address listed above the menu options. You are now connected to your WiFi network and can exit back to RetroPie.


Adding and Configuring a New Controller

If your new controller is wired or wireless, just plug the usb cord or dongle in to the back of your Pi. If you have a bluetooth controller, you'll first need to pair it with the Pi at the Retro Pi menu.

Once your controller is plugged in (or paired) you'll need to press “start” on your current controller and select “configure input.” This will open the controller configuration menu.

Simply follow the on-screen instructions and press the buttons the menu requests. If it asks for a button your controller doesn't have, just press any button on the controller and hold it for two seconds and it will skip the assignment. When it reaches the end, the last button will be for the hotkey button. You should use the select button for this.


Saving and Loading Games Mid Play


One of the best features of your RetroPie system is the ability to save and load your game progress whenever you want. It's easy to do and can be a big help when you are playing many retrogames because of their insane difficulty. For instance, if you start a boss fight, you might want to save it just before the fight, so that if you lose you can start over again at the boss without having to complete the whole level again. You can also have multiple save game slots so that you don't have to overwrite your previous saved game. To select your save game slot, simply press and hold “select” on your controller and press left and right on your d-pad to move back and forth through the save slots. You'll see a message in the bottom left corner telling you what slot you have selected.

To save your game simply press and hold “select” and then R1 (the right shoulder button). You will see a message in the bottom left corner that your game has been saved in whatever the currently selected save game slot is. To load your saved game simply select the save game slot you want to load and again, press and hold “select” and then L1 (the left shoulder button). It will almost instantly load your game from where it was saved.


Backup Your MicroSD Card

Making a backup of your microSD card gives you peace of mind knowing that if your hard drive becomes corrupted you'll be able to fully restore your system. It's recommended to make a backup any time you update or make major changes to your system.

Most likely, when you insert your microSD card in to your PC, Windows will tell you that it needs to be formatted. Do not format your card! Windows cannot recognize the file system of your card so it thinks it's "blank" and needs to be formatted. So close that popup. You will need to download free software called Win32 Disk Imager. It's the software we'll use to backup your microSD card. Download the software from the link below.


Download, install, and open the program. Then:

1.      Plug your microSD card into your PC

2.      Select your microSD card from the DEVICE drop-down menu in Win32DiskImager

3.      Click the FOLDER icon and enter a filename and location to save the image file. Be sure to put .img at the end of your filename. Example: my-backup.img

4.      Click on the READ button

5.      Wait... This can take a while depending on the size of your microSD card and the speed of your card reader, expect it to take several minutes.


It will let you know when the process is complete. Once it's finished, safely eject your microSD card from your PC, put it back in your Raspberry Pi and go back to playing retro games!


Restore Your MicroSD Card

If your Retro Pi stops working hopefully you made a backup of your system using the steps above. If so, you can flash the image back to your microSD card.

Partitioning Your Micro SD card:

  1. Plug your microSD card into your usb card reader
  2. Open the Run Dialog (by pressing the Windows Key + R) and type: diskpart
  3. Depending on your Windows security settings you may have to authorize it to run
  4. Once it's loaded (it may take a little bit) type: list disk (and hit enter)
  5. You need to find your microSD card in the list and check what disk number it is (you'll need it for the next step). It is typically the last one but this could vary if you have other portable storage devices plugged in. Check the SIZE column for the one that closest matches the size of your microSD card. 
  6. Now that you know your disk number, type: select disk 3 (where 3 is whatever your disk number was and then hit enter)
  7. It will tell you your disk is now the selected disk, type: clean (hit enter)
  8. It will tell you it succeeded in cleaning the disk. If it gives you an ACCESS DENIED error simply try again.
  9. Now you need to type: create partition primary (hit enter)
  10. You should see: DiskPart succeeded in creating the specified partition.
  11. Type: exit (hit enter)

To format your SD card you must download a special application called “guiformat.” You can save the application wherever you want so long as you remember where you put it. You don't need to install it, it's a stand-alone .EXE file.


  1. Launch the program you just downloaded (it may ask for permission, allow it)
  2. Select your microSD card from the DRIVE drop-down menu
  3. Click: START and authorize it to format

Your microSD card is now ready to be flashed back to the default setting on your backup image.

Now you need to open up the program you downloaded in the last section of this guide, WIN32 DISK IMAGER. Depending on your Windows security setting you may need to authorize the program to run. Once it's open, follow these steps...


  1. Click on the little folder icon to load your .img file. This will be the image file you created to backup your system.
  2. Make sure your microSD card is selected in the drop-down
  3. Click the WRITE button


This can take an hour or two. Remember to eject the card from safely by right-clicking the drive and ejecting it. Failure to do so can result in corruption of the disk causing it not to work.


You can use this method to replicating your Pi build. You must use the same model to do so. All you have to do to create a new Retro Pi is simply utilize the instructions above on backing up and restoring the microSD card, to a new card and you can plug it into the Raspberry Pi and play immediately. If you would like to add additional ROMs to your collection that are not already there, just find a description of how to do so on the web. It is easy but there are several steps.


Next, allow me to give you a list of some of my favorite games.


A List of my Favorite Games (in order)

Street Fighter Alpha

Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Arcade

SVC Chaos

Capcom vs. SNK 1 and 2

Street Fighter 2, 3, 4, and 5

Punisher Arcade

Tomb Raider

Panzer Dragoon 1 and 2

Last Blade 1 and 2

Dead or Alive 3

Mark of the Wolves

Devil May Cry



Aliens Versus Predator Arcade

Bubble Bobble

Super Mario Brothers 1, 2, and 3

Mortal Kombat 1, 2, 3, 4, 9 and 10

Injustice 1 and 2



Onimusha 1, 2, 3, and Dawn of Dreams

Tekken 3, and Tag

Call of Duty

King of Fighters

Soul Calibur

Hulk Ultimate Destruction


GTA 3, Vice City, San Andreas, 4 and 5

Riddick Escape from Butcher Bay

Capcom Fighting Evolution

Virtual On



Beat Sabre


Batman PSVR

Mega Man 6

Gears of War

Burnout Take Down

Metal Slug

X-men Arcade

X-men Children of the Atom

Fire Watch

Last Guardian

Dynasty Warriors

Battle circuit

Cadillacs and Dinosaurs

Captain America and the Avengers

Captain commando

Dragon Ball Z

Final Fight

Indiana Jones and the fate of Atlantis

Joe Joe’s bizarre adventure

Marvel superheroes

Marvel superheroes versus streetfighter

Red earth

Sengoku three


Super Mario world


Twisted metal Two

Virtua Fighter Two

World Heroes to Jet

X-Men versus streetfighter



A List of Aesthetically Appealing Classics

3 wonders

64th St.

A B cop

Alien storm


Apache three

Aqua Jack

Arabian fight

Art of fighting


Astro flash

Asuras blade

B rap boys

Battle cry

Battletoads arcade

Big run

Biomechanical Toy

Black dragon

Blade master


Blomby car

Blood warrior

Canon dancer

Capcom world

Captain commando

Continental circus

Cosmic cop

Crime city

Crime fighters

Cyber police e swat

Denjin makai 2

Dick Tracy

Don pachi 2

Double axle

Double dragon

Dragon master

Dragoon might

Dungeon magic

Dyna gear

Dynamite duke

Eight man

Far east of Eden

Fight fever

Fighters history

Fighters history

Final blow

Final fight

Finest hour

Forgotten worlds

Forgotten worlds

FujiYama buster

Galaxy fight

Galaxy force two

Ghost chaser

Gouket suji ichizoku 2


Guardians of the Hood

Gun force two

Hang on


Hokuto no ken

Ikari warriors three

Jackie Chan

Judge dread


Karate Blazers

Karate champ

Karate kid

Karnov’s revenge

King of the monsters

Kizuna encounter super tag battle

Knights of the round

Knights of valor

Knuckle bash

Knuckle Kaiser

Kyukyoku sentai


Last battle

Last resort

Light bringer

Magician lord

Martial champion

Martial masters


Meta moquester

Metamorphic force

Metamorphic force

Mighty warriors

Mobile suit Gundam Ex

Mobile suit Gundam final shooting

Monster maulers

Mutation nation

Mutation nation




Ninja masters

Oriental legend

Park edge

Prehistoric Isle 2

Pretty soldier sailor moon

Primetime fighter

Psychonics master


Racing hero

Rad racer


Rambo III



Riot city

Robo Army

Rush N attack


Schmeiser robo

Shadow force

Shadow warriors

Shogun warriors

Silver Hawk two

Slam masters

Smash TV

Space hairier

Special criminal investigation two

Splendor blast

Steel gunner two

Street ball

Streetsmart two

Stun runner

Super bubble bubble

Super puzzle fighter

Super tag battle

Superior soldiers

Superman arcade

Survival arts

Swat police

Tao taido

The astyanax

The double dynamites

The final round

The gladiator a.k.a. the road of the sword

The immortal

The karate tournament

The killing blade

The king of dragons

Thunder blade

Thunder fox

Thunder heroes

Thunder strikes back

Top ranking stars

Tube panic

Ultimate team battle

UN squadron

Undercover cops

Universal warriors


Violence fight

Violent storm

Virtual fighter two

Voltage fighter

Warrior blade rastan saga

Warriors of 8

Wild pilot

Wild thing

Wolf fang


If I could make or have any game in the world it would be a 2D, sidescrolling, Marvel beat-em-up. It would feature the Avengers and many other Marvel properties. It would be made in the style of TMNT Arcade, or X-Men Arcade yet have updated 4K graphics. All of the characters would have their 80s costumes and appearance and the game would be set in the 80s with countless Easter eggs, cameos, and inclusions from 70s, 80s, and 90s comic books. If I could make a second game, it would be the same thing, just with DC characters. If this sounds appealing I want to remind you to try out Mugen and Open Bor because these actually come pretty close.